A motion is a formal request to a judge to make a ruling or take some other action during a lawsuit. A motion does not start a lawsuit, but rather brings a limited, contested issue in a case before the court for a decision. 

Motions made be in writing, or in person at a hearing with both sides present. Motion practice involves important rules regarding timing, notice and other matters directed by the Montana Rules of Civil Procedure.

Instructions for Motions, approved by the Montana Supreme Court Commission on Self-Represented Litigants